Tag Archives: B+

THE GATEKEEPERS (SHOMEREI HA’SAF)

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B+

Dror Morah’s extraordinary documentary sketches the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict from the perspective of the directors of Shin Bet, the Israeli counterterrorism unit. “The Gatekeepers” are the six interviewees who headed the agency at various points over the past three decades, and they speak with remarkable candor, a good deal of pride over what they accomplished but also no little regret about what they failed to prevent. What becomes clear is that the experience of all the men had the effect of bringing them, to greater or lesser extent, to a profound disquiet about how Israeli policy has developed over the years and a low opinion of most of the political leaders they served.

Archival footage lays out in brief the first decade of Israel’s national life, but it’s really with the Six-Day War of 1967 and the occupation of Palestinian territory that followed it that the first-person narrative really begins. Avraham Shalom, who headed Shin Bet between 1980 and 1986 and the oldest of the interviewees, recalls how the use of military force to secure tranquility led instead to a cycle of violence, attack and counterattack, that has grown increasingly vicious over time and made it virtually impossible to find common ground that might finally bring peace to the region. The possibility of cooperation between Israeli and Palestinian intelligence agencies—which once was quite vibrant—collapsed over time, and the emergence of groups like Hezbollah in Lebanon and Hamas in the Gaza Strip was a result.

But though Shalom expresses doubts about the wisdom of the policies toward the Palestinians developed after 1967, he remains a hard-liner in terms of the application of strong measures when they’re necessary, and he remains closed-lipped about his own involvement in a case in which Palestinian bus highjackers who’d been taken captive were killed by soldiers. Another interviewee speak enthusiastically of expertly targeted assassinations—like that of a Hamas bomb-maker who was killed with an explosive cell phone in a carefully-planned operation (though one that initially didn’t come off as planned). And one regrets the failure to approve an airstrike that might have wiped out the leadership of Hamas in a single stroke because of fear of collateral damage and civilian deaths.

There’s pain in all of this, but also poignancy in the remembrance of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, whose decision to reach out to the Palestinians led to his assassination by a Jewish rightist, which all the interviewees agree, fundamentally changed Israeli attitudes and began the strong turn in Israeli opinion toward the harsher, far less accommodating policies characteristic of the current government. One message that comes through loud and clear is that even as Shin Bet became ever more effective in its anti-terrorist activities, the heads of the agency recognized that Israel’s overall security nonetheless declined—leading one of them to remark that as you grow older in the practice of his profession, it’s pretty much inevitable that you’ll love to the left.

Intelligently put together, with archival footage, graphics and some recreations skillfully employed to fill out the story and tie the various interview threads together smoothly, “The Gatekeepers” is not only an engrossing first-hand account of Israel’s Palestinian policies over time, but one that may have lessons to teach both Israeli leaders and other nations confronting those they identify as terrorists.

DJANGO UNCHAINED

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B+

The titular adjective certainly applies to this wild, wooly western from Quentin Tarantino, whose work is always marked by a complete lack of restraint—a quality that easily go sour but, at its best, leads to exuberantly entertaining results. “Django Unchained” is a bit of everything—a homage to spaghetti westerns, a love story, an anti-slavery harangue, a buddy movie, a period “Sting”—but in touching so many bases it scores a home run in the end. Though extremely long and ultra-violent, it leaves you neither exhausted nor repulsed, but exhilarated.

Django (Jamie Foxx) begins the picture, of course, in chains. He’s a slave, part of a shackled group being herded across the countryside by a couple of nasty traders. Their trek is interrupted by the arrival of a wagon notable for a large tooth that bobs atop it on a spring—an advertisement for its dapper owner, the German transplant Dr. King Schultz (Christoph Waltz) who questions the slaves until he determines that Django’s the one he’s searching for—Schultz’s no longer a dentist but a bounty hunter, and Django can identify the three wanted brothers he’s searching for. So he liberates the slave (as well as his similarly chained fellows) not exactly by buying them but, oddball abolitionist that he is, by dealing with their owners.

Schultz promises to give Django cash as well as freeing him if he’ll help him locate his quarries, but after seeing how zealously the ex-slave deals with the outlaws and learning Django’s unhappy history—how he and his wife, absurdly called Boomhilda von Shaft and played by Kerry Washington, were sold off separately by their cruel owner (Bruce Dern) after trying to escape—he makes him a further offer. If Django will join him in the bounty-hunting business for a season, he’ll help his partner locate and reunite with his wife.

After episodes that recount how the duo deal with a bunch of clansmen led by plantation owner Big Daddy (Don Johnson) who—in one of Tarantino’s hilarious dialogue scenes—argue about their ill-fitting hoods and show Django’s transformation into a fast-shooting man of action, the men trace Hildi, as she’s called for short, to the plantation of powerful Calvin Candie (Leonardo DiCaprio), a smarmy, preening racist who specializes in the brutal “sport” of mandingo fighting, in which slaves are pitted against one another in brawls to the death. Figuring that Candie would never part with Hildi—a curiosity because she can speak a smattering of German—if approached to sell her directly, Schultz comes up with a plan to bring up the possibility indirectly. He poses as an entrepreneur looking to purchase a fighter instead, with Django tagging along as his talent scout, acting even more brutally toward his fellow blacks than even their white overseers do.

For a time the ruse seems to work, but at Candyland, as Calvin’s estate is called, they come up against a more dangerous opponent—privileged old house slave Stephen (Samuel L. Jackson), a cunning combination of obsequiousness and calculation who sees through the charade. That leads to a reversal of fortune for Schultz and Django that will result in a great many deaths and an orgy of revenge, all highly satisfying in a pulpy sort of way.

What makes “Django Unchained” so shockingly enjoyable is its absolute shamelessness, not only in its explosions of blood and gore and its scenes of torture and cruelty, but in its language, which shifts from Schultz’s humorously elevated diction to Candie’s casual racist cant, and includes over a hundred uses of the “N” word to boot (something that will certainly offend many viewers). And the character of Stephen, the ultimate Uncle Tom with a sadistic streak, is an astonishing creation that raises the issue of black self-loathing at a level never really encountered before. All of this makes Tarantino’s film an exploitation movie squared, which constantly pushes the envelope with the darkest of humor and excess of every sort.

It’s also expertly made, with perfectly-gauged simulacra of spaghetti western conventions (like the gaudy flashback montages that register Django’s past), rich production design by J. Michael Riva complemented by the art direction of David Klassen, Mara Schloop and Page Buckner, the set decoration of Leslie Pope and the costumes of Sharen Davis, and lustrous cinematography by Robert Richardson, which takes full advantage of the vast locations. The cast savor Tarantino’s ripe dialogue and play cheekily with the archetypes he’s fashioned for them—Foxx the black man with Eastwood-like qualities, Waltz the cannily articulate European, DiCaprio the slaveowner who can turn on a dime from hospitable to menacing, Jackson the malevolent servant who sees himself as master.

Of course, this being a Tarantino film, it can also serve as an invitation to spot all sorts of nostalgic references, not only to his beloved models (the cameo by Franco Nero, who played the original Django for Sergio Corbucci’s cult favorite) but to music cuts from earlier movies (like one by Jerry Goldsmith) and rap, as well as brief appearances by a virtual cavalcade of old timers (in addition to Dern and Johnson, guys like Don Stroud, Tom Wopat, Russ Tamblyn, Cooper Huckabee, Lee Horsley, Robert Carradine and Michael Parks). And just for fun, you can watch for Jonah Hill, Tom Savini and Tarantino himself in sometimes not-so-brief encounters.

There will be many who think that “Django Unchained” goes too far. But the same criticism was leveled at “Inglorious Basterds.” And while this film isn’t quite that one’s equal, if you’re willing to accept its utterly over-the-top attitude you’ll find it almost absurdly enjoyable.